Tuberculosis is an example of a deadly infection that has led to enormous deaths. It is a serious infection that spreads from person to person via air droplets.
This illness is the second biggest infectious killer after covid 19, placing it at number thirteen on the list of causing death worldwide.
What causes Tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacteria responsible for this disease.
Therefore, a person needs a few germs to inhale to become infected, but most people can prevent Tuberculosis by having a strong immune system.
It is known to attack many body parts but primarily the lungs. Also sometimes encountered to attack the parts of the kidney, spine, and brain.
How does Tuberculosis spread?
This bacterial infection is carried through the air and is transmitted through respiratory secretions while coughing or sneezing.
Thus a weak immune system comprised of malnutrition, diabetes, and tobacco use may lead to a bigger risk of developing Tuberculosis.
How to check for tuberculosis?
Acknowledging and differentiating TB infection and TB disease could lead us to understand TB-related existing conditions.
In latent TB infections, the TB bacteria live in the body but do not lead to sickness. This is called latent TB infection. Most people are infected who somehow breathe the bacteria but do not have the disease because the body can fight and inhibits its growth, leading to people preventing TB infections.
Recognizing people with latent TB infections who never develop TB disease are often found with a strong immune system with the bacteria unable to activate itself and cause TB disease.
No symptoms and no sickness are often seen among those who cannot spread TB bacteria to others as it is not in its activated form. Hence, people with a positive TB skin test reaction or positive TB blood test may develop TB disease if they do not receive treatment for latent TB infection.
How do you get tuberculosis?
If the immune system is weekend, the bacteria gets activated and can multiply inside the body, leading to TB disease.
People with TB disease are often sick within weeks of getting up infected. As a result, a person with Tuberculosis has a severe cough that lasts three weeks or longer. It can cause chest pain and, in some cases, blood while coughing. Another indicator of a condition is weakness or exhaustion while losing weight.
It is common to find that 5 to 10% of individuals who do not treat the stage of latent TB infection eventually develop TB disease.
People at a higher risk of contracting Tuberculosis are divided into two groups—individuals who have recently been infected with the bacteria or suffer from medical conditions weakening the immune system.
How tuberculosis is becoming chronic in today’s world?
It is a disease that has affected humanity for thousands of years. It is often taken as chronic causing chronic cough due to the prevalence of drug resistance encountered these days.
Drug-resistant strains are rapidly emerging worldwide. A combination of factors such as lack of treatment, non-adherence to therapies, interrupted drug supplies, low-quality drugs, and poor medical management have increased morbidity and mortality of tuberculosis disease.
Several challenges must be addressed to control TB, especially in developing countries. This includes developing an effective surveillance system by strengthening the drug and treatment facilities.
Moreover, the effective control measures needed to control HIV must be taken care of as it has been a greater influencer.
How preventing tuberculosis from spreading helps?
Few measures are taken to reduce the effects and severity of TB. As prevention is always preferred to cure, certain things must be taken care of to prevent the prevalence of test disease.
BCG vaccine is a common vaccine used against Tuberculosis. It is prepared from a mutated strain closely related to the bacteria causing this disease.
It helps boost the immune system that partially protects infants and children from acquiring any form of Tuberculosis. Since the risk of infection is high in developing countries, thus it is usually prevented and protected where the prevalence is high.
Opting for Early Diagnosis
The most effective way to treat Tuberculosis is to involve in early diagnosis and opt treatment for it. A person with an infection of Tuberculosis can infect more than ten people per year. Thus, diagnosis is recommended for starting a treatment that makes the patient no longer infectious while diligently taking medications.
Maintaining a proper hygiene
Good hygiene is a sign of preserving health.
It embraces physical well-being by protecting humans from unfavorable environmental conditions that affect the human body.
Also, preventing bad foods and clothes can prevent various medical conditions indirectly. Thus, personal cleanliness helps you eventually protect yourself from various viral and bacterial infections.
Good ventilation helps to reduce the risk of infection as bacteria remain suspended. Natural light in surroundings, like UV radiation, can kill TB bacteria. Also, Covering the mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing reduces the spread of TB bacteria into the air.
Boosting the immune system
A body has the most efficient and worthy defense system that works vigorously against Tuberculosis. Studies have shown that 60% of adults can completely kill tuberculosis bacteria by boosting a healthy immune system.
This is often done by including a good vitamin-rich diet that prevents developing Tuberculosis.
Hence, consuming certain food helps gain weight, recover from certain weaknesses, and restore energy. It has been seen that foods rich in vitamins A, C, and E are excellent sources for preventing TB.
Unimarck Pharma is a pharmaceutical organization that promotes public health by providing quality and effective medications to all Indians. Our work is to meet quality by maintaining regulatory standards in our production processes to provide the best possible medicine while keeping the health structure well to meet the needs of the public and changing conditions. Therefore, we contribute to the pharma world with quality medications while also creating awareness for certain diseases to help people from developing various illnesses.